COVID-19

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A Rapid Review of Disinfectant Chemical Exposures and Health Effects During COVID-19 Pandemic

Topics: COVID-19
Primary inquiry A public health practitioner raised a question about the misuse and overuse of disinfectants as a result of heightened concerns about SARS-CoV-2 transmission via environmental…
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Building Shutdown and Re-opening during the COVID-19 Pandemic

[Last Updated: Feb 11, 2021] During the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, it may be necessary to periodically close public buildings and facilities, followed by re-opening when safe again. Periods of low…
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Contextualizing the risks of indirect COVID-19 transmission in multi-unit residential buildings

Topics: COVID-19
*/ Introduction Since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, multi-unit residential buildings (MURBs) have been of particular concern to both public health practitioners and MURB occupants. MURBs…
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COVID-19 and outdoor safety: Considerations for use of outdoor recreational spaces

[NOTE:a printer friendly version of this document is attached at the bottom] Introduction Outdoor recreational spaces make important contributions to social well-being as well as physical and…
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COVID-19 in indoor environments — Air and surface disinfection measures

The COVID-19 pandemic has led to the closure of workplaces, public facilities, retail and commercial spaces, entertainment venues, and other indoor spaces where groups of people congregate. As cities…
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COVID-19 Management during Public Health Emergencies

The goal of any public health emergency is to help as many people as quickly as possible. The COVID-19 pandemic has brought a new dimension to emergency management. Not only has COVID-19 made it…
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COVID-19 Precautions for Multi-unit Residential Buildings

Multi-unit residential buildings bring together tens to hundreds of people within the same building envelope and in contact with many of the same surfaces. Although we know that COVID-19 is primarily…
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COVID-19 Risks and Precautions for Choirs

Topics: COVID-19, Indoor Air
The COVID-19 pandemic has required a rethinking of how many of our daily tasks and routine activities influence risks of transmission of SARS-CoV-2, the virus responsible for the disease. Early in…
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COVID-19 Risks and precautions for the performing arts

Topics: COVID-19
*/ /*-->*/ /*-->*/ Introduction The COVID-19 pandemic has caused major changes to how musicians and performers practise and rehearse and has brought many live performances to a halt.…
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COVID-19 risks from handling the deceased

Topics: COVID-19
Primary inquiry Information was requested on the SARS-CoV-2 transmission risks for individuals who are involved in the handling, transport, and examination of decedents known or suspected to have…
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Environmental Health Resources for the COVID-19 Pandemic

The transmission of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, occurs primarily via direct contact with or respiratory droplets from an infected person. However, there is evidence to suggest that…
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Environmental public health guidance for encampments during the COVID-19 pandemic

To prevent the transmission of SARS-CoV-2, the coronavirus that causes COVID-19, public health guidance promotes physical distancing, staying home when ill, good hand hygiene and environmental…
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Environmental Surface and Air Sampling in the Context of the COVID-19 Pandemic

Topics: COVID-19
Primary inquiry Since the COVID-19 outbreak began, many businesses have started offering environmental sampling services to detect presence of SARS-CoV-2 on environmental surfaces and in the air in…
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Fomites and the COVID-19 pandemic: An evidence review on its role in viral transmission

Topics: COVID-19
*/ Background Since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, public health messaging continuously evolved as more evidence emerged about the risks associated with SARS-CoV-2 transmission and…
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High-humidity Environments and the Risk of COVID-19 Transmission

Topics: COVID-19
Primary Inquiry: Do showers, steam rooms, hot tubs, or other warm, high-humidity settings in public facilities increase the risk of COVID-19 transmission? Summary Statement: This rapid review did…
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Masking during the COVID-19 pandemic

*/ /*-->*/ /*-->*/ [Updated: Oct 21, 2020] Introduction Extensive debate over when, where, and what types of masks should be worn, and by whom, has persisted during the COVID-19 pandemic with…
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Outdoor Winter Dining during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Topics: COVID-19
Primary inquiry: How can outdoor dining spaces be adapted for colder weather in a way that does not exacerbate COVID-19 transmission or other safety risks associated with temporary enclosures?…
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Reducing COVID-19 Transmission Through Cleaning and Disinfecting Household Surfaces

Background The primary mode of human-to-human transmission for SARS-CoV-2, the virus responsible for coronavirus disease (COVID-19), is via direct contact with an infected person and their…
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The Basics of SARS-CoV-2 Transmission

(Previously An Introduction to SARS-CoV-2) [Last Updated March 21, 2021] The emergence of a novel coronavirus in late 2019, identified as SARS-CoV-2, has resulted in a global pandemic accompanied…
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Using Hand Sanitizers Safely During the COVID-19 pandemic

Hand sanitizer use continues to be prevalent during the COVID-19 outbreak. However, increased use and new formulations have led to accidents and sparked concerns over safety. The NCCEH has developed…
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