Built Environment


Recognizing the health impacts of the natural and human-made surroundings in which we live, work, and play.

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Bed Bugs

Bed bugs (Cimex lectularius) are small, elusive, and resilient insects that live by feeding on the blood of mammals, including humans. Bed bug infestations have become prominent worldwide, generating…
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Bed Bugs and Public Health: A Re-emerging Scourge for the New Public Health

Canadian Public Health Association (CPHA) 2010 Centennial Conference 
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Bed Bugs and Public Health: New Approaches for an Old Scourge

The objective of this paper is to share four Canadian cities’ experiences with bed bug infestations and to explore public health roles in managing them. We summarize presentations from a workshop at…
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Bed bugs: What to do about unwanted houseguests

Beyond Zoonosis: The Mental Health Impacts of Rat Exposure of Inner-City Residents

This work was one of the 2018 Ron de Burger Student Award winners. Author: Raymond Lam, University of British Columbia – Master of Science in Occupational and Environmental HygieneIntroductionRats…
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Building Shutdown and Re-opening during the COVID-19 Pandemic

[Last Updated: Feb 11, 2021] During the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, it may be necessary to periodically close public buildings and facilities, followed by re-opening when safe again. Periods of low…
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From ship to shore: Sightings of Asian Giant Hornets in Canada’s west coast

Recent sightings of the Giant Asian Hornet- dubbed the murder hornet by some sources- have left many wondering whether these enormous, aggressive insects are a new insect of concern.   Their usual…
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Healthy Built Environment

BackgroundAspects of the built environment, including man-made and natural features, impact human health directly and indirectly through air quality, traffic injuries, and toxic substances. These…
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Intersection between the Built and Social Environments and Older Adults’ Mobility

Inevitably, an aging population will demand significant health and economic costs at personal and societal levels. Emerging evidence highlights that built and social environments both play a role in…
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Intervention Strategies to Reduce Residential Pesticide Exposures

American Industrial Hygiene Conference and Expo '09
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Legionella

[Last Updated: Feb 24, 2021] Legionella bacteria are opportunistic premise plumbing pathogens (OPPP) that can cause illnesses collectively referred to as legionellosis. Legionellosis includes…
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March 2018 Environmental Health Research Scan

Full Scan The attached PDF version of the Research Scan has over 100 references and is broken into over 30 categories.Editor’s PicksAfter searching through the dozens of articles referenced in the…
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Nematodes for Pest Control

A provincial Health Ministry has been asked by the Ministry of the Environment to advise on the health risks associated with use of nematodes to control the cranberry girdler, an insect that has been…
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Phosphine Poisoning as an Unintended Consequence of Bed Bug Treatment

Recent news on Canadian fatalities linked to the inappropriate use of phosphine for bed bug control underlines the need for public health practitioners to be aware of the issue.
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Prevention, identification, and treatment options for the management of bed bug infestations

In the past decade, bed bug infestations have been increasing worldwide. Historically, studies have failed to provide evidence for the transmission of human diseases through bed bugs, but recent…
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Public Health Roles with Regard to Bed Bug Management in Canada

Presentations:Toronto’s Response to Bed BugsRon de Burger & Tracy Leach, Toronto Public HealthCurrent Bed Bug TechnologiesTaz Stuart, TDTS ConsultingBed Bug Management: Preliminary Survey of…
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Reducing Residential Indoor Exposure to Pesticides: a Toolkit for Practitioners

The scientific literature indicates that avoidance of pesticide use and alternative practices, such as Integrated Pest Management (IPM), may be effective methods for reducing indoor residential…
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