Built Environment


Recognizing the health impacts of the natural and human-made surroundings in which we live, work, and play.

Printer Friendly, PDF & Email

A closer look at energy expenditure and pollution inhalation during urban cycling: Physics, physiology, and travel behaviour

Although urban cycling is widely known and promoted as physically active transportation, the actual physics of utilitarian cycling have been given little attention in transportation engineering and…
View Full Article

Active Transportation in Urban Areas: Exploring Health Benefits and Risks

Active transportation refers mainly to walking and cycling for transportation. Health Benefits:  People who use active transportation are, on average, more physically fit, less obese, and have a…
View Full Article

Air Quality and Community Health Impact of Animal Manure Management

Nearly 200 million tonnes of livestock manure are generated in Canada each year.1 Manure storage and land application tends to produce odour, greenhouse gases, microbes, and particulate matter, which…
View Full Article

Building Shutdown and Re-opening during the COVID-19 Pandemic

During the extended “new normal” of the COVID-19 pandemic, it may be necessary to periodically close public buildings and facilities, followed by re-opening when safe again. Periods of low or no…
View Full Article

Canadian Public Health Association (CPHA) - A Day in the Life of an Urban Planner with a Public Health Impact

What role can urban planners play to improve health? How do you embed a public health lens in municipal plans and policies? Given that the built environment, land use and transportation systems are…
View Full Article

Canadian Urban Environmental Health Research Consortium (CANUE) - Urban Green and Built Infrastructure as a Tool to Mitigate Local Air Pollution

For his presentation, Dr. Baldauf will summarize the U.S. EPA’s research program on the use of built and green infrastructure to mitigate local air pollution impacts from transportation facilities.…
View Full Article

Cardiovascular Health, Traffic-related Air Pollution and Noise: Are associations mutually confounded? A systematic review

This review assessed the confounding effect of one traffic-related exposure (noise or air pollutants) on the association between the other exposure and cardiovascular outcomes. A systematic review…
View Full Article

COVID-19 and outdoor safety: Considerations for use of outdoor recreational spaces

[NOTE:a printer friendly version of this document is attached at the bottom] Introduction Outdoor recreational spaces make important contributions to social well-being as well as physical and…
View Full Article

Crematoria and Air Quality Fact Sheet

[NOTE: A printer friendly version is attached at the bottom of this document] In Canada, preference for cremation is increasing. The Cremation Association of North America (CANA) estimates that…
View Full Article

Crematoria emissions and air quality impacts

Primary inquiry A municipality received an application from a funeral home to install a cremator within their facility. Objections were received from nearby residents who were concerned about…
View Full Article

Extreme Heat can be a Killer

Video TranscriptCanada is experiencing more extremely hot days and longer periods of heat than during the late 20th century and it is going to get worse. Every year, about people die from heat…
View Full Article

Forest Residues to Energy: Is this a pathway towards healthier communities?

Forest residues are non-merchantable woody biomass found in forests and wood waste from logging practices and industrial operations, such as sawmills. Forest residues are a convenient fuel for open-…
View Full Article

Health Impact Assessment (HIA) Knowledge and Needs Scan: Findings, Gaps and Recommendations

Background Health Impact Assessment (HIA) is a structured approach that allows decision makers to consider how a policy, program or project could affect health. HIAs are often carried out as part of…
View Full Article

Healthy Built Environment

BackgroundAspects of the built environment, including man-made and natural features, impact human health directly and indirectly through air quality, traffic injuries, and toxic substances. These…
View Full Article

Incorporating Health in Urban Planning: Quebec City Case Study

For over 50 years the importance of protecting health has been recognized in many areas of public policy. Concepts and approaches for actually including heath considerations in assessment processes,…
View Full Article

Legionella

Legionella is an opportunistic premise plumbing pathogen (OPPP) that can cause illnesses including Pontiac fever and Legionnaires’ disease, a severe pneumonia named after an outbreak that resulted in…
View Full Article

Make our communities healthier with better air quality during and post-pandemic: CANUE

The abrupt change in our lives brought about by the COVID-19 pandemic is and will continue to affect us all deeply.  There are obvious changes of limited movement and social interaction with many…
View Full Article